According to Buddhist tradition, the, after years of , went to sit under a where he attained . With awakening came insight into the true nature of reality. The Buddha formulated these insights in four statements, which he called the “ ”.
At the core of his understanding was the observation that life intrinsically means(1). He named the causes of suffering (2) and stated that it was possible to overcome suffering (3). Finally, he offered a means to achieve this goal: the (4).
The Buddha proceeded just as a doctor would: he diagnosed the ailment, defined the causes, and prescribed a remedy.