Heavens and hells

Doctrines and rituals

There is no such thing as a uniform Buddhist cosmology. However, most Buddhist worldviews assume that there are numerous heavens and hells above and below the world inhabited by humans. They belong to the six realms of existence into which a being may be reborn. The heavens are populated by divine beings living in a kind of paradise, while those condemned to a life in one of the hells suffer unbearable physical pain. However, both states of being are said to be limited in time.