Religious schools and traditions

Jainism is an Indian religion that evolved around the same time as Buddhism. According to legend, its founder was Prince Vardhamana, who renounced his throne and all worldly possessions to become an itinerant monk. After practising extreme asceticism (ascetic) for many years, he acquired omniscience, and after his death found release from the eternal cycle of rebirth. His followers therefore worship him as a victor (Skt. Jina). For Jains, salvation is achievable through the practice of asceticism and non-injury to living beings. Buddhists regard Jainism as a rival and heretical doctrine.