The concept of the Middle Path (Skt. Madhyamaka or Madhyamika, ‘Middle Way school’) refers to a Buddhist doctrine that was extremely influential inBuddhism. Its roots go back to the renowned philosopher-monk .
The ‘philosophy of’ lies at the core of the Madhyamaka doctrine. It states that all things exist only in dependence upon each other, and are thus in fact empty. In its argumentation, this doctrine applies dialectical negation, meaning it rejects both the existence and the non-existence of things as false and extreme premises, and instead proclaims the ‘Middle Path’ of .
An example: there is no, yet neither is the self non-existent. The truth resides in the middle, in emptiness. In other words, the self exists only in dependence on the factors and circumstances that form it.