Recitation (Lat. recitatio, ‘reading aloud’) refers to the spoken rendering of a text. In, the rhythmic rendering or chanting of a text, aloud or in silence, is an important ritual practice that serves various purposes. For instance, it is a way of learning a text by heart or passing it on by word of mouth. But recitation also serves as an exercise in . Moreover, believers can ask the for support by reciting invocations.